Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) is a specific type of talking therapy which aims to help a person learn how to manage their life challenges by changing thought and behavioural patterns. CBT is based on the idea that our thoughts, feelings and physical experiences of the body are all connected, and that making positive behavioural change is key. Unlike other talking therapies, CBT deals with the present, rather than looking at issues or problems from the past. CBT focusses on practical solutions, and usually involves ‘homework’ to be done between sessions.
CBT is recommended in NICE guideline as a form of treatment for anxiety disorders, depression, Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD), phobias, and a variety of other conditions. Commonly six or more sessions of CBT are recommended, depending on the needs of the individual.