Conditions and treatments
Alcohol use disorders range from periodic drinking binge drinking to harmful use of alcohol, progressing with time to alcohol addiction.
Binge drinking is excessive drinking on individual occasions or regular occasions. This is a chronic disease, the person will crave alcohol, they will be unable to control their drinking and lose control over this. The person becomes addicted to alcohol.
The person’s mental and physical health will be effected by their alcohol misuse. It may cause difficulties with family, friends and work.
The risk to certain cancers can increase with excessive drinking. It can cause physical conditions such as liver, brain and other organ damage. Excessive drinking in pregnancy may harm your baby.
If the dependant drinker suddenly reduces or stop drinking they may experience a range of withdrawal symptoms.
Alcohol withdrawal is a dangerous condition and can lead to fits. It is strongly recommended that alcohol detoxification be monitored by a medical professional.
The four main symptoms of dependency are:
· Loss of control over your drinking
· Daily drinking to relieve withdrawal symptoms
· Tolerance – the need to consume greater amounts to gain the desired effect
The treatment for alcohol addiction is dependent on how much the person is drinking. One or more of the below treatments options will be offered.
Several medications are used to treat alcohol use disorders primarily acamprosate (to reduce the craving), naltrexone, nalmefene and disulfiram.